Lecture Barcelona 2008 - Slide 9
|Lecture Magdeburg [2001,en], Vortrag Lübeck [2006,de], Lecture Barcelona [2008,en], Vortrag EWEA 2000 [2000,en]|
|Vorstellung regenerativer Energien: Biomasse, Windenergie, Fallwindkraftwerke, Geothermie, Wasserkraft, Solarenergie|
But the European electricity network within and especially between the countries is to weak for high wind power penetration or huge amounts of renewable electricity from solar thermal power plants. This is also true for the connection to Africa.
For example the Net Transfer Capacities from Morocco to Spain was 400 MW and the 1000 MW from Spain to France would not allow high power transfer and build another bottleneck even after the rated cable capacity between Spain and Morocco is enlarged to 1400 MW.
But there is a solution. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission (HVDC = HGÜ) is a technology used since many decades for transmission of huge amounts of electricity over far distances at very low losses and low costs.